As the commercial shipping industry looks towards automation as a way of avoiding human error, the cruise lines treat it as the most efficient way to travel between two points. Journeys are plotted out to be as fuel-efficient as possible, while still building in time for possible alterations.
    I have recorded and mapped a series of instances where the ship is brought back under manual control because of an emergency: bad weather, passengers or crew who’ve fallen overboard, Coast Guard-mandated emergency rescue missions, medical evacuations, and general navigation failures. Each route is then traced according to its AIS (Automatic Identification System) signal on a black background, disregarding the scale of the incident. The result is a respresentation of the movement each ship makes under distress.